There is no ElementNotFoundException as such in selenium, if you are talking in #Selenium context. We have NotFoundException which is extended by :
Direct Known Subclasses as:
NoAlertPresentException, NoSuchCookieException, NoSuchElementException, NoSuchFrameException, NoSuchWindowException

Please refer this Java API Doc:

NoSuchElementException extends NotFoundException” 


NotFoundException extends WebDriverException“. 

This is thrown when???
1. Element could not be found in the DOM – or may it never. exists.
2. The page is still being loaded and you’ve already finished your WebElement search
3) AJAX Element has not returned yet on the page

If you encounter this exception, you may want to check the following:
>Check your selector used in your find_by…
>Element may not yet be on the screen at the time of the find operation, (webpage is still loading) apply WebDriverWait() for an element to be appeared on the page. 

Exceptions that may happen in all the webdriver code.

Common Exceptions in Selenium:

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ElementClickInterceptedException


The Element Click command could not be completed because the element receiving the events is obscuring the element that was requested clicked.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ElementNotInteractableException


Thrown when an element is present in the DOM but interactions with that element will hit another element do to paint order

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ElementNotSelectableException (msg=Nonescreen=Nonestacktrace=None)[source]

Thrown when trying to select an unselectable element.

For example, selecting a ‘script’ element.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ElementNotVisibleException


Thrown when an element is present on the DOM, but it is not visible, and so is not able to be interacted with.

Most commonly encountered when trying to click or read text of an element that is hidden from view.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ErrorInResponseException


Thrown when an error has occurred on the server side.

This may happen when communicating with the firefox extension or the remote driver server.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ImeActivationFailedException


Thrown when activating an IME engine has failed.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.ImeNotAvailableException


Thrown when IME support is not available. This exception is thrown for every IME-related method call if IME support is not available on the machine.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InsecureCertificateException


Navigation caused the user agent to hit a certificate warning, which is usually the result of an expired or invalid TLS certificate.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidArgumentException


The arguments passed to a command are either invalid or malformed.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidCookieDomainException 


Thrown when attempting to add a cookie under a different domain than the current URL.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidCoordinatesException


The coordinates provided to an interactions operation are invalid.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidElementStateException


Thrown when a command could not be completed because the element is in an invalid state.

This can be caused by attempting to clear an element that isn’t both editable and resettable.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidSelectorException


Thrown when the selector which is used to find an element does not return a WebElement. Currently this only happens when the selector is an xpath expression and it is either syntactically invalid (i.e. it is not a xpath expression) or the expression does not select WebElements (e.g. “count(//input)”).

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidSessionIdException


Occurs if the given session id is not in the list of active sessions, meaning the session either does not exist or that it’s not active.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.InvalidSwitchToTargetException


Thrown when frame or window target to be switched doesn’t exist.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.JavascriptException


An error occurred while executing JavaScript supplied by the user.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.MoveTargetOutOfBoundsException


Thrown when the target provided to the ActionsChains move() method is invalid, i.e. out of document.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.NoAlertPresentException


Thrown when switching to no presented alert.

This can be caused by calling an operation on the Alert() class when an alert is not yet on the screen.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.NoSuchAttributeException


Thrown when the attribute of element could not be found.

You may want to check if the attribute exists in the particular browser you are testing against. Some browsers may have different property names for the same property. (IE8’s .innerText vs. Firefox .textContent)

exception selenium.common.exceptions.NoSuchCookieException


No cookie matching the given path name was found amongst the associated cookies of the current browsing context’s active document.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.NoSuchElementException


Thrown when element could not be found.If you encounter this exception, you may want to check the following:

  • Check your selector used in your find_by…
  • Element may not yet be on the screen at the time of the find operation, (webpage is still loading) see for how to write a wait wrapper to wait for an element to appear.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.NoSuchFrameException


Thrown when frame target to be switched doesn’t exist.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.NoSuchWindowException


Thrown when window target to be switched doesn’t exist.

To find the current set of active window handles, you can get a list of the active window handles in the following way:

exception selenium.common.exceptions.RemoteDriverServerException


exception selenium.common.exceptions.ScreenshotException


A screen capture was made impossible.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.SessionNotCreatedException


A new session could not be created.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.StaleElementReferenceException


Thrown when a reference to an element is now “stale”.

Stale means the element no longer appears on the DOM of the page.Possible causes of StaleElementReferenceException include, but not limited to:

  • You are no longer on the same page, or the page may have refreshed since the element was located.
  • The element may have been removed and re-added to the screen, since it was located. Such as an element being relocated. This can happen typically with a javascript framework when values are updated and the node is rebuilt.
  • Element may have been inside an iframe or another context which was refreshed.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.TimeoutException


Thrown when a command does not complete in enough time.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.UnableToSetCookieException


Thrown when a driver fails to set a cookie.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.UnexpectedAlertPresentException


Thrown when an unexpected alert is appeared.

Usually raised when when an expected modal is blocking webdriver form executing any more commands.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.UnexpectedTagNameException


Thrown when a support class did not get an expected web element.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.UnknownMethodException


The requested command matched a known URL but did not match an method for that URL.

exception selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException

(msg=Nonescreen=Nonestacktrace=None)[source] vBase webdriver exception.


Reference taken from:


Naveen AutomationLabs